Civil Service Examinations (Kējǔ 科举)

Benjamin A. ELMAN

Detail from the eighth-century painting Literary Gathering, by Tang dynasty artist Han Huang. Ink and color on silk. One component of the civil service examination was the writing of an “Eight-Legged Essay” that adhered to rigorous structure and exactitude. One slip of the pen in the formation of a written classical Chinese character was cause for failure.

The civil service examination system, a method of recruiting civil officials based on merit rather than family or….

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By | 2014-12-16T16:54:44+00:00 November 27th, 2011|Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, History|Comments Off on Civil Service Examinations (Kējǔ 科举)

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