Woman dressed in Qing dynasty style, in Changde. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN.
The Qing dynasty, founded in 1644 by the Manchus, was the final imperial dynasty to rule China. The last emperor abdicated in 1912 following the dynasty’s overthrow by the Republican revolution of 1911. Over a period of 268 years, the Qing built the largest consolidated empire in China’s history and oversaw great changes in governmental administration, economic growth, regional integration, and intellectual achievement.