Education in China

Management Education (Gōngshāng guǎnlǐ jiàoyù 工商管理教育)

Bernard M. WOLF and Rudi M. LOF China’s previous management-education system was a casualty of the Cultural Revolution, but the country has built an impressive network of business schools since MBA degrees were re-introduced in 1991. The number of managers being graduated is still far below what China needs to support economic growth, however, and program quality needs further improvement. […]

Gifted Education (Chàocháng jiàoyù 超常教育)

Shane N. PHILLIPSON An awareness of giftedness in China began more than 2,500 years ago. Current gifted education programs in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, however, depend more on their divergent recent histories than their common cultural heritage. Nevertheless, there is growing awareness that both conceptions of giftedness and the means to identify gifted students need to take […]

Gender Inequality in Chinese Education (Zhōngguó jiàoyù zhōng de xìngbié bù píngděng xiànxiàng 中国教育中的性别不平等现象)

Danke LI For centuries women were educated in China to become good wives and devoted mothers. China passed a bill in 1922 to ensure women legal rights to education afforded to men, and female enrollment and literacy rates improved greatly by the mid-twentieth century. But women living in cities and coastal regions experience more progress than those in rural, inland […]

Education Laws (Jiàoyùfǎ 教育法)

Xiaobin LI Formal education has shaped Chinese tradition for some 2,000 years since civil service examinations tested the knowledge of candidates applying for bureaucratic positions. Laws governing how education was administered for a growing general public, however, did not come in effect until the 1980s. Broad in scope at first, these laws are being amended as China works to improve […]

China Education and Research Network (CERNET) (Zhōngguó Jiàoyù hé Kēyán Jìsuànjì Wǎng 中国教育和科研计算机网)

Jian LIU and Zhiwen CHEN NB. This articles is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. The China Education and Research Network (CERNET) promotes China’s worldwide status and influence in the field of Internet technology by providing a platform for international educational and scientific collaboration. It has become a leading research network because of […]

Central University for Nationalities (Zhōngyāng Mínzú Dàxué 中央民族大学)

Rebecca A. CLOTHEY NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. Nationalities institutes in China provide educational opportunities for minority students who might otherwise never gain access to higher education. They were established throughout China in the 1950s in response to a critical need for skilled minority professionals and higher education […]

Brain Drain (Réncái liúshī 人才流失)

Cong CAO NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. China’s people have been studying overseas for more than 150 years, but the number staying in the West rose steadily after China introduced its reform and opening-up policy in 1978. This trend has reversed somewhat in the twenty-first century, as returnees […]

John Dewey and Chinese Education (Dùwēi yú Zhōngguó jiàoyù 杜威与中国教育)

Mei Wu HOYT NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. John Dewey (1859–1952), a US philosopher and educator, lectured in China from 1919 to 1921 about democracy, his philosophy of pragmatism, and educational reform. His idea of associated living, based on the freedom of social groups to communicate and interact […]

Tao Xingzhi (Táo Xíngzhī 陶行知)

Yusheng YAO NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. Tao Xingzhi (1891–1946) was one of the most influential educators in twentieth-century China. His theories (based on the ideas of the US education reformer John Dewey) evolved throughout his life, but his core ideology of national reconstruction through “life education” remained. […]

Wang Yangming (Wáng Yángmíng 王阳明)

NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. Adapted from Hayhoe, Ruth. (2006). Portraits of Influential Chinese Educators (pp. 31–38). Hong Kong: Comparative Research Centre, University of Hong Kong and Springer. Wang Yangming, born in 1472, was a scholar-official whose belief in challenging imperial decisions that did not uphold Confucian tradition […]