Governance

Perspectives on the United States—Chinese (Zhōngguórén kàn Měiguó 中国人看美国)

Perspectives on the United States—Chinese (Zhōngguórén kàn Měiguó 中国人看美国)

Anthony A. LOH President Nixon meets with China’s Communist Party leader Mao Zedong, 29 February 1972, in the era of Ping-Pong diplomacy. NATIONAL ARCHIVES. After the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, relations between China and the United States were nonexistent until 1972. Since then, dealings have been complex and frequently changing; Chinese viewpoints of the United States […]

Perspectives on China—Western (Xīfāng duì Zhōngguó de kànfǎ 西方对中国的看法)

Perspectives on China—Western (Xīfāng duì Zhōngguó de kànfǎ 西方对中国的看法)

Qing CAO The Chinese government spent billions of dollars on new facilities for the 2008 Olympic games in Beijing. The Olympics were a great opportunity for the Chinese government and people to present a positive image to the rest of the world. PHOTO BY TOM CHRISTENSEN Western opinion of China has oscillated between the positive and negative for nearly three […]

United States–China Relations (Měi-Zhōng wàijiāo guānxì 美中外交关系)

United States–China Relations (Měi-Zhōng wàijiāo guānxì 美中外交关系)

June GRASSO China and the United States have recently forged close economic ties, but relations between the two nations have often been marred by political tension. Beginning in the eighteenth century when the U.S. emerged as a nation during China’s Qing dynasty, through the Nationalist period, and for much of Chinese Communist Party rule, the two nations often clashed. In […]

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) (Fēizhèngfǔ zǔzhī 非政府组织)

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) (Fēizhèngfǔ zǔzhī 非政府组织)

Nick YOUNG Over the last thirty years, and with steadily gathering pace, the non-government organization (NGO) community has developed in China. The Haikou Environmental and Resources Center provided office space to the first NGO office established in Hainan Province. PHOTO BY WEN BO. Varying factors have brought non-governmental organizations (NGOs) into the limelight in the late twentieth century, and China’s […]

Legalist School (Fǎjiā 法家)

Legalist School (Fǎjiā 法家)

YU Qiyu and Bill SIEVER An actor at a mock legal trial plays a magistrate from imperial times, when Legalism championed the law of a single iron-fisted ruler. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Legalism was a school of thought that advocated strict adherence to the law of a single iron-fisted ruler as the only way to combat humankind’s inherent selfishness. […]

Shenyang Imperial Palace (Shěnyáng Gùgōng 沈阳故宫)

Shenyang Imperial Palace (Shěnyáng Gùgōng 沈阳故宫)

TzeHuey CHIOU-PENG Detail of a carved column at Shenyang Palace, former capital of China during the Manchu-ruled Qing dynasty. The Shenyang Imperial Palace, located in the capital city of Liaoning Province, was the imperial residence of the Later-Jin kingdom (1616–1644) prior to their founding of the Qing dynasty (1644–1912). Serving as an administrative center for the Manchus, the royal complex’s […]

National Committee on United States–China Relations (Měi-Zhōng Guānxì Quánguó Wěiyuánhuì 美中关系全国委员会)

National Committee on United States–China Relations (Měi-Zhōng Guānxì Quánguó Wěiyuánhuì 美中关系全国委员会)

Left to right: Robert Scalapino, Stephen A. Orlins, and Lucien Pye, at the 3 May 2006 NCUSCR program “Past as Prologue.” For more than forty years the National Committee on United States–China Relations has sponsored educational and outreach programs aimed to help Americans gain a deeper and more nuanced understanding of China. COURTESY OF NCUSCR. The National Committee on United […]

Communications, External (Duìwài chuánbō 对外传播)

GUO Ke External communication refers to broadcast information that is meant for a foreign audience. Similar to the United States’ Voice of America and the BBC’s world services in the U.K., China employs a vast array of media outlets (in dozens of languages, in addition to Chinese) to project a positive image to the world, with varying degrees of success. […]

East China Sea (Dōng Hǎi 东海)

Bent NIELSEN The East China Sea—part of the western Pacific Ocean—is China’s most important marine fishing area. The sea also has rich oil and gas reserves, but China’s exploitation of such reserves is complicated by a Sino-Japanese territorial dispute. The East China Sea (Dong Hai) is part of the western Pacific Ocean. It is 1,296 kilometers long from north to […]

WEN Tingyun (Wēn Tíngyùn 温庭蕴)

WEN Tingyun (Wēn Tíngyùn 温庭蕴)

Nirmal DASS Wen Tingyun, a Tang dynasty lyric poet whose themes were unconventional for his time—and whose verses and songs were often critical of court officials. Wen Tingyun was a lyric poet during the Tang dynasty (618–907 CE) whose innovations had a wide-ranging influence on Chinese poetry, especially during the Song dynasty (960–1279). As with most things concerning the life […]