Sports & Recreation

Sports Training System (Xùnliàn tǐzhì 训练体制)

Sports Training System (Xùnliàn tǐzhì 训练体制)

Bjoern CONRAD Sport’s training systems require care monitoring of the athlete’s various muscular and cardiovascular capacities. Here, a young athlete is tested at the Exercise Physiology Laboratory at the National Research Institute of Sport Science in 1980. PHOTO BY HOWARD KNUTTGEN. China has used the success of its economic reforms to create an elite sports training system that finds and […]

Olympic Games—History (Àolínpǐkè lìshǐ 奥林匹克历史)

Olympic Games—History (Àolínpǐkè lìshǐ 奥林匹克历史)

FAN Hong Liu Changchun, China’s first Olympic athlete, competed as a sprinter in the 1932 Olympics in Los Angeles. Although a Chinese educator introduced the idea and ideals of the Olympic Games to his country in 1908, China’s participation in the Olympics didn’t begin until 1932—and was then interrupted because of World War II and the “two-China” conflict. After re-entering […]

Sports Sponsorship (Tǐyù zànzhù 体育赞助)

Sports Sponsorship (Tǐyù zànzhù 体育赞助)

Scott ELDRIDGE II Sponsors are eager to get a foothold in Chinese sports. During the Beijing Olympics in 2008 the deals signed brought multimillions in revenue. PHOTO BY TOM CHRISTENSEN. Corporate sponsorship is an essential aspect of modern sports. At the 2008 Beijing Olympics companies spent millions of dollars to get their names before a worldwide audience. Foreign companies found […]

Tai Chi (Tàijíquán 太极拳)

Tai Chi (Tàijíquán 太极拳)

Michael G. DAVIS A group of men practice tai chi on the Bund in Shanghai, circa 1970. An admiring crowd has gathered to watch. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Tai chi is a martial art practiced worldwide whose gentle structured forms combine with deep breathing to balance internal energy, or qi, to improve health and well-being. More popular than ever […]

Olympic Games of 2008 (Běijīng Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì 北京奥林匹克运动会)

Olympic Games of 2008 (Běijīng Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì 北京奥林匹克运动会)

Judy POLUMBAUM Countdown to the Olympic Games, Beijing. PHOTO BY TOM CHRISTENSEN. The 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing was China’s first chance to host the world’s biggest sporting extravaganza. It provided an opportunity for China to showcase both ancient heritage and modern aspirations. Substantial investments in necessary infrastructure and sponsorship accelerated China’s integration with the global economy. When Beijing hosted […]

Sports (Tǐyù 体育)

Sports (Tǐyù 体育)

Allen GUTTMANN Liu Changchun, China’s first Olympic athlete, competed as a sprinter in the 1932 Olympics in Los Angeles. Chinese sports have been influenced by the more harmonious physical disciplines of Chinese tradition, as well as the need for military preparedness, but in the modern post-opening era Chinese athletics are starting to more closely resemble western sports in their practice. […]

Asian Games (Yàyùnhuì 亚运会)

Asian Games (Yàyùnhuì 亚运会)

Judy POLUMBAUM The opening ceremonies of the sixth Asian Winter Games in Chuangchun. The Asian Games bring together athletes from Asian and Middle Eastern nations every four years to compete in conventional Olympic sports, as well as traditional regional and national sports. China and Japan dominate the events, which often serve as practice rounds for the Summer Olympics. China first […]

Tourism (Lǚyóu 旅游)

Tourism (Lǚyóu 旅游)

Peiyi DING and Noel SCOTT In the harbor of Macao, an international tourist destination because of its famous casinos, a cruise ship approaches the dock. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Tourism in China has experienced revolutionary change, growing from its most basic level to a strategic industry in China’s evolving socialist market economy. Two decades of development have brought positive […]

Gambling (Dǔbó 赌博)

Gambling (Dǔbó 赌博)

Cathy H. C. HSU An outdoor card game. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Since 300 BCE betting on dice and other games of luck or fortune have been part of China’s historical record. Gambling is now illegal in on the mainland but permitted in Macao, where Chinese casino visitors drive the region’s economy. In 2001 the Macao Special Administrative Region […]

Martial Arts (Wushu) (Wǔshù 武术)

Martial Arts (Wushu) (Wǔshù 武术)

Michael A. DeMARCO A man practices martial arts in the morning on the grounds of the Temple of Heaven in Beijing. PHOTO BY TOM CHRISTENSEN. Movements originating in fighting systems developed throughout China’s history have been stylized into routines touted for individual physical fitness and psychological well-being as well as contact sports and competitive exhibitions. China’s martial arts influenced those […]