Tag Archives: Buddhism

Zuglakang Monastery (Dàzhāo Sì 大昭寺)

Nirmal DASS Tibetan monks at morning prayer. PHOTO BY YIXUAN SHUKE. Zuglakang Monastery in Lhasa is the most sacred Buddhist site in Tibet. It houses a statue of the Buddha said to date from his lifetime (c. 566–486 BCE). Regarded … Continue reading

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Potala Palace (Bùdálā Gōng 布达拉宫)

Michael KOWALEWSKI Distant view of Potala Palace, Lhasa, Tibet. The palace, now open to tourists, has two thousand rooms, numerous temples and shrines, and the private rooms of the Dalai Lamas. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Potala Palace, in the … Continue reading

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Dunhuang Caves (Dūnhuáng Shíkū 敦煌石窟)

Catherine PAGANI The Dunhuang Caves include three sites of Buddhist cave shrines located near the desert oasis city of Dunhuang. Decorated with spectacular wall paintings and sculpture, and once the repositories for a treasure trove of Buddhist texts (such as … Continue reading

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Huayan Buddhism (Huáyán Chánjiào 华严禅教)

Nirmal DASS A page from the Flower Garland Sutra, the principle document of Huayan Buddhism. The Huayan school of Chinese Buddhism is part of the Mahayana tradition that examines the metaphysical condition of things. As such, it seeks to explain … Continue reading

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Tiantai (Tiāntái 天台)

Nirmal DASS The first truly Chinese school of Buddhist thought, Tiantai, was founded in the sixth century. With its Chinese perspective on an Indian religion, Tiantai spread through East Asia, establishing itself in Japan and Korea. Geographically, Tiantai refers to … Continue reading

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Guanyin (Guānyīn 关系)

Ding-hwa HSIEH Guanyin takes good care of her devotees. Guanyin 觀音, or Guanshiyin 觀世音, is one of the most popular deities worshipped among Chinese Buddhists. During the process of domestication, this Indian male deity was transformed into a female divine … Continue reading

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Cult of Maitreya (Duì Mílèfó de chóngbài 对弥勒佛的崇拜)

Richard D. McBRIDE II Maitreya carved into a mountain, Gansu Province. The iconography of Maitreya and his cult have gone through many transformations in Chinese society, from slim and sleek in the Northern Dynasties period to roly-poly in the Song … Continue reading

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Dalai Lama (Dálài Lǎma 达赖喇嘛)

Alex McKAY Tenzin Gyatso (b. 1935), the fourteenth Dalai Lama, is the spiritual and temporal leader of Tibetan Buddhists. The Dalai Lama is the spiritual and temporal leader of Tibetan Buddhists. The present Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is the fourteenth … Continue reading

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Kumarajiva (Jiūmóluóshí 鸠摩罗什)

Nirmal DASS Kumarajiva translated Budhist texts at the White Horse Temple in Luoyang, China. PHOTO BY FANGHONG. Kumarajiva translated into Chinese about one hundred Mahayana Buddhist texts written in Prakit and Sanskrit. Kumarajiva may be credited with bringing to China … Continue reading

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Tibet (Xizang) Autonomous Region (Xīzàng Zìzhìqū 西藏自治区)

Alex McKAY A Tibetan girl in traditional dress stands in a courtyard with intricately painted pillars. Tibet—“the Roof of the World”—is one of China’s five autonomous regions. A distinction is made between “political” Tibet, the area governed by the Lhasa … Continue reading

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