Post Tagged with: "CCP"

People’s Liberation Army (Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn 中国人民解放军)

People’s Liberation Army (Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn 中国人民解放军)

Shawn SHIEH Husband and wife officers of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) pause on their climb up Mount Huang, Anhui Province. The PLA, numbering more than three million members, is one of the largest military forces in the world. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the ground, air, naval, and strategic forces of the Communist […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Warfare
Governance System, Dual (Liǎngyuánhuà lǐngdǎo zhìdù 两元化领导制度)

Governance System, Dual (Liǎngyuánhuà lǐngdǎo zhìdù 两元化领导制度)

John G. BLAIR and Jerusha H. McCORMACK The People’s Republic of China, unlike other nations, is governed by a dual system. The government, as the visible face of this system, includes familiar branches called legislative, executive, and judicial. But behind this government the high leadership of the Chinese Communist Party determines policy at all levels, which the government merely implements […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, System
Cadre System (Gànbù zhìdù 干部制度)

Cadre System (Gànbù zhìdù 干部制度)

Thomas HEBERER Government buildings in Shanghai. The cadre system organizes the various Communist Party functionaries, civil servants, or government administrators into a hierarchy—judged by length of service or performance on the job, for instance. Officials at the top, not surprisingly, reap the most benefits. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Similar to the system of China’s traditional civil service hierarchy, the […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, System

Three and Five Antis Campaigns (Sānfǎn Wǔfǎn 三反五反)

Stephanie CHUNG The Chinese Communist Party’s Three Antis Campaign of 1951–1952 targeted waste, corruption, and bureaucratism. The party’s Five Antis Campaign, launched soon afterward, targeted bribery, tax evasion, theft of state assets, cheating on government contracts, and theft of capital. Both campaigns led to mass suicides, as well as placing many hitherto private industries in the hands of the government. […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Movement
Communist Youth League (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎnzhǔyì Qīngniántuán 中国共产主义青年团)

Communist Youth League (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎnzhǔyì Qīngniántuán 中国共产主义青年团)

Kerry BROWN Young Pioneers look and learn from the paintings in the People’s Art Exhibition Commemorating the Thirtieth Anniversary of Chairman Mao’s Yenan “Talks on Art and Literature,” Beijing, 1972. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Established in the 1920s, the Youth League has been the training ground for the Chinese Communist Party for the last eighty years. With over 86 […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Movement
Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign (Fǎnjīngshén Wūrǎn Yùndòng 反精神污染运动)

Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign (Fǎnjīngshén Wūrǎn Yùndòng 反精神污染运动)

Richard LEVY A series of billboards along a street advertise everything from beauty cream to medicinal products. During the Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign the Chinese government attempted to combat Western materialist influences without upsetting China’s economic growth. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN The Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign, waged against corrupt and bourgeois ideological influences in Chinese society, took place in the autumn […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Movement
Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng 中国共产党)

Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng 中国共产党)

Gerry GROOT The banquet room of the Great Hall of the People, 1 October 1999, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the People’s Republic of China and the beginning of the Chinese Communist Party rule. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Communism spread to China from the Soviet Union in the years surrounding the demise of the Qing dynasty […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Ideology

Socialist Spiritual Civilization (Shèhuìzhǔyì jīngshén wénmíng 社会主义精神文明)

Daniel C. LYNCH “Building a socialist spiritual civilization” is an official goal of the ruling Chinese Communist Party that was first proclaimed in 1986. The commitment to establish such an objective officially was triggered by deep concerns that as China advanced economically, it would regress spiritually. After the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) adopted economic reform and opening policies in the […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Ideology
Red Guard Organizations (Hóngwèibīng zǔzhī 红卫兵组织)

Red Guard Organizations (Hóngwèibīng zǔzhī 红卫兵组织)

Margaret SANKEY Red Guards encouraging loyalty to the party and encouraging industry. COLLECTION STEFAN LANDSBERGER. During the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976) Red Guard organizations, made up of hundreds of thousands of students, were devoted to a personal glorification of Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong and a campaign against foreign or traditional culture. Red Guard organizations were an important factor in […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Ideology
Little Red Book (Máo Zhǔxí Yǔlù 毛主席语录)

Little Red Book (Máo Zhǔxí Yǔlù 毛主席语录)

Richard LEVY Mao’s Little Red Book. A portrait of Mao Zedong is embossed on the front. PHOTO BY PAUL AND BERNICE NOLL. Known in the West as “The Little Red Book,” Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong ????? is a thirty-three-chapter collection of 427 quotes from Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong. It was a linchpin in the early stages of […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Ideology