Tag Archives: CCP

People’s Liberation Army (Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn 中国人民解放军)

Shawn SHIEH Husband and wife officers of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) pause on their climb up Mount Huang, Anhui Province. The PLA, numbering more than three million members, is one of the largest military forces in the world. PHOTO … Continue reading

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Governance System, Dual (Liǎngyuánhuà lǐngdǎo zhìdù 两元化领导制度)

John G. BLAIR and Jerusha H. McCORMACK The People’s Republic of China, unlike other nations, is governed by a dual system. The government, as the visible face of this system, includes familiar branches called legislative, executive, and judicial. But behind … Continue reading

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Cadre System (Gànbù zhìdù 干部制度)

Thomas HEBERER Government buildings in Shanghai. The cadre system organizes the various Communist Party functionaries, civil servants, or government administrators into a hierarchy—judged by length of service or performance on the job, for instance. Officials at the top, not surprisingly, … Continue reading

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Three and Five Antis Campaigns (Sānfǎn Wǔfǎn 三反五反)

Stephanie CHUNG The Chinese Communist Party’s Three Antis Campaign of 1951–1952 targeted waste, corruption, and bureaucratism. The party’s Five Antis Campaign, launched soon afterward, targeted bribery, tax evasion, theft of state assets, cheating on government contracts, and theft of capital. … Continue reading

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Communist Youth League (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎnzhǔyì Qīngniántuán 中国共产主义青年团)

Kerry BROWN Young Pioneers look and learn from the paintings in the People’s Art Exhibition Commemorating the Thirtieth Anniversary of Chairman Mao’s Yenan “Talks on Art and Literature,” Beijing, 1972. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Established in the 1920s, the … Continue reading

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Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign (Fǎnjīngshén Wūrǎn Yùndòng 反精神污染运动)

Richard LEVY A series of billboards along a street advertise everything from beauty cream to medicinal products. During the Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign the Chinese government attempted to combat Western materialist influences without upsetting China’s economic growth. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD … Continue reading

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Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng 中国共产党)

Gerry GROOT The banquet room of the Great Hall of the People, 1 October 1999, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the People’s Republic of China and the beginning of the Chinese Communist Party rule. PHOTO BY JOAN … Continue reading

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Socialist Spiritual Civilization (Shèhuìzhǔyì jīngshén wénmíng 社会主义精神文明)

Daniel C. LYNCH “Building a socialist spiritual civilization” is an official goal of the ruling Chinese Communist Party that was first proclaimed in 1986. The commitment to establish such an objective officially was triggered by deep concerns that as China … Continue reading

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Red Guard Organizations (Hóngwèibīng zǔzhī 红卫兵组织)

Margaret SANKEY Red Guards encouraging loyalty to the party and encouraging industry. COLLECTION STEFAN LANDSBERGER. During the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976) Red Guard organizations, made up of hundreds of thousands of students, were devoted to a personal glorification of Chinese Communist … Continue reading

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Little Red Book (Máo Zhǔxí Yǔlù 毛主席语录)

Richard LEVY Mao’s Little Red Book. A portrait of Mao Zedong is embossed on the front. PHOTO BY PAUL AND BERNICE NOLL. Known in the West as “The Little Red Book,” Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong ????? is a thirty-three-chapter … Continue reading

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