Post Tagged with: "Chiang Kai-shek"

Blue Shirts Society (Lanyīshè 蓝衣社)

LAW Yuk-fun. The Blue Shirts Society, composed of the young graduates of Huangpu Military Academy, were the secret agents of Nationalist China’s leader Chiang Kai-shek during the 1930s. Modeled on the European fascist practices, the Blue Shirts pledged unquestioned loyalty to Chiang and engaged in subversive activities and mass socialization, which helped to consolidate Chiang’s authoritarian rule before the Second […]

New Life Movement (Xīnshēnghuó Yùndòng 新生活运动)

New Life Movement (Xīnshēnghuó Yùndòng 新生活运动)

Lane J. HARRIS Eleanor Roosevelt and Soong May-ling, wife of Chiang Kai-shek. Madame Chiang was one of the most public proponents of the New Life Movement, which was designed by Chiang to improve the customs and social habits of the dispirited Chinese people. As the threat of Japanese invasion loomed in 1936, and the movement was in decline, Chiang turned […]

Xi’an Incident (Xī’ān Shìbìan 西安事变)

Xi’an Incident (Xī’ān Shìbìan 西安事变)

David D. BUCK An actor portraying Chiang Kai-shek in a play about the Xi’an Incident, during which Chiang was kidnapped by overzealous Nationalist Party generals. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. The Xi’an Incident of 1936 is often considered a turning point in Chinese history. As a result of the incident, in which two Nationalist generals, Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng, […]

Chinese Nationalist Party (Guómíndǎng 国民党)

Chinese Nationalist Party (Guómíndǎng 国民党)

David D. BUCK An undated early photograph of Dr. Sun Yat Sen, one of the founders of the Nationalist Party. Sun, as well as his successor Chiang Kai-shek, still remains an iconic figure of the party. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. The Chinese Nationalist Party (Guomindang), which began as a parliamentary party in 1912, has seen three major eras (from 1912 to […]

SOONG Mei-ling (Sòng Meilíng 宋美龄)

SOONG Mei-ling (Sòng Meilíng 宋美龄)

Winberg CHAI Eleanor Roosevelt and Soong May-ling, wife of Chiang Kai-shek. Madame Chiang was one of the most public proponents of the New Life Movement, which was designed by Chiang to improve the customs and social habits of the dispirited Chinese people. As the threat of Japanese invasion loomed in 1936, and the movement was in decline, Chiang turned over […]

CHIANG Ching-kuo (Jiǎng Jīngguó 蒋经国)

Winberg CHAI Chiang Ching-kuo, son of Chiang Kai-shek (also a former president of the Republic of China, i.e., Taiwan, 1949–), was arguably the most influential political leader in Taiwan until his death in 1988. In a public opinion poll reported by Shijie Ribao (World Journal) in 2007, 65 percent of Taiwanese citizens surveyed ranked Chiang as the president who made […]

KONG Xiangxi (Kǒng Xiángxī 孔祥熙)

LAW Yuk-Fun Kong Xiangxi, as brother-in-law of both Republic of China founder Sun Yat-sen and Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek, assumed a number of important official posts. Manipulating the posts as the Minister of Finance and Director of the Bank of China, Kong pocketed the nation’s financial resources. This corrupt practice, together with the mismanagement of the economy, resulted in Kong’s […]