Tag Archives: Confucianism

Wang Yangming (Wáng Yángmíng 王阳明)

NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. Adapted from Hayhoe, Ruth. (2006). Portraits of Influential Chinese Educators (pp. 31–38). Hong Kong: Comparative Research Centre, University of Hong Kong and Springer. … Continue reading

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Confucian Sites at Qufu (Qǔfǔ Sān Kǒng 曲阜三孔)

Haiwang YUAN The Kong Family Mansion at Qufu in Shandong Province, also known the Family Mansion of Duke Yansheng. (Yansheng, meaning “overflowing with wisdom,” was the honorary title that successive Chinese rulers and governments gave to the descendants of Confucius … Continue reading

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Confucian Temples (Kǒngmiào 孔庙)

LI Yong Roof eaves at the Temple of Confucius in Beijing, now the Municipal Museum. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Confucian temples are places to worship Confucius, his students, and other Confucian thinkers. But they also served as arenas for … Continue reading

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Four Books and Five Classics of Confucianism (Sìshū Wŭjīng 四书五经)

James D. SELLMANN The Song dynasty scholar Zhu Xi streamlined Confucian education by compiling the Four Books: Mencius, Analects, Great Learning, and Centrality and Commonality. These texts influenced Chinese culture more than any other classics during the last six centuries … Continue reading

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Confucian Ethics (Rújiā dàodé 儒家道德)

James D. SELLMANN A drawing of Confucius from a seventeenth-century book. The original caption read: “Confucius, The celebrated Chinese philosopher.” From Su shu; The morals of Confucius, a Chinese philosopher. London: Printed for Randal Taylor, 1691. BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND … Continue reading

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Three Obediences and the Four Virtues (Sāncóng Sìdé 三从四德)

Nirmal DASS Historical illustration of a noblewoman who is a wife and mother. Her life would likely have been modeled after the Confucian ideals of Three Obediences, or Submissions (to the men in her life), and the Four Virtues (a … Continue reading

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Three Fundamental Bonds and Five Constant Virtues (Sāngāng Wŭcháng 三纲五常)

Keith N. KNAPP The three-year-old Prince Bu Yi, throne name Xuantong, on the right. On the left is his father, Prince Zhun, the Regent, holding a younger brother, 1909. The Confucian influence of the Three Cardinal rules applied even to … Continue reading

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Filial Piety (Xiào 孝)

Keith N. KNAPP This paper cutout depicts the legendary figure of Mu Lan, a woman who expressed her filial piety by disguising herself as a man to join the army and serve twelve years in place of her elderly father. … Continue reading

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Confucius (Kǒngzǐ 孔子)

James D. SELLMANN Wood engraving of Confucius (or Kong Fuzi [Grand Master Kong], 551–479 BCE). The teaching of the philosopher Confucius has inspired philosophers and statesmen for more than twenty-five-hundred years. The philosopher Confucius, China’s greatest teacher, stressed such values … Continue reading

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HUANG Zongxi (Huáng Zōngxī 黃宗羲)

Yamin XU Huang Zongxi, the famous Qing dynasty scholar and author. Huang roundly criticized tyrannical monarchies in favor of democratic principles long before his Western counterparts. Huang Zongxi was an important philosopher and author who worked to uphold Confucian principles … Continue reading

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