Post Tagged with: "Confucianism"

Wang Yangming (Wáng Yángmíng 王阳明)

NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. Adapted from Hayhoe, Ruth. (2006). Portraits of Influential Chinese Educators (pp. 31–38). Hong Kong: Comparative Research Centre, University of Hong Kong and Springer. Wang Yangming, born in 1472, was a scholar-official whose belief in challenging imperial decisions that did not uphold Confucian tradition […]

by · 14 May 2012 · 0 comments · Education in China
Confucian Sites at Qufu (Qǔfǔ Sān Kǒng 曲阜三孔)

Confucian Sites at Qufu (Qǔfǔ Sān Kǒng 曲阜三孔)

Haiwang YUAN The Kong Family Mansion at Qufu in Shandong Province, also known the Family Mansion of Duke Yansheng. (Yansheng, meaning “overflowing with wisdom,” was the honorary title that successive Chinese rulers and governments gave to the descendants of Confucius from 1055 to 1935.) The mansion, originally built for a fifty-fifth-generation descendant of Confucius 1377, was rebuilt in 1503 and […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Site, Values and Worldview
Confucian Temples (Kǒngmiào 孔庙)

Confucian Temples (Kǒngmiào 孔庙)

LI Yong Roof eaves at the Temple of Confucius in Beijing, now the Municipal Museum. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Confucian temples are places to worship Confucius, his students, and other Confucian thinkers. But they also served as arenas for Chinese rulers throughout history to express to their subjects the value of culture and education. Many of these temples in […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Site, Values and Worldview

Four Books and Five Classics of Confucianism (Sìshū Wŭjīng 四书五经)

James D. SELLMANN The Song dynasty scholar Zhu Xi streamlined Confucian education by compiling the Four Books: Mencius, Analects, Great Learning, and Centrality and Commonality. These texts influenced Chinese culture more than any other classics during the last six centuries of the dynastic period. The great Song dynasty (960–1279) synthesizer of neo-Confucianism, Zhu Xi (1130–1200 CE), standardized educational methods by […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Confucian Ethics (Rújiā dàodé 儒家道德)

Confucian Ethics (Rújiā dàodé 儒家道德)

James D. SELLMANN A drawing of Confucius from a seventeenth-century book. The original caption read: “Confucius, The celebrated Chinese philosopher.” From Su shu; The morals of Confucius, a Chinese philosopher. London: Printed for Randal Taylor, 1691. BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY, YALE UNIVERSITY. Confucian ethics teaches that no fixed and binding rules govern the moral life. Rather, a person […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Three Obediences and the Four Virtues (Sāncóng Sìdé 三从四德)

Three Obediences and the Four Virtues (Sāncóng Sìdé 三从四德)

Nirmal DASS Historical illustration of a noblewoman who is a wife and mother. Her life would likely have been modeled after the Confucian ideals of Three Obediences, or Submissions (to the men in her life), and the Four Virtues (a code of moral conduct for women). The Three Obediences and the Four Virtues describe precepts for womanly behavior that derive […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Concept, Values and Worldview
Three Fundamental Bonds and Five Constant Virtues (Sāngāng Wŭcháng 三纲五常)

Three Fundamental Bonds and Five Constant Virtues (Sāngāng Wŭcháng 三纲五常)

Keith N. KNAPP The three-year-old Prince Bu Yi, throne name Xuantong, on the right. On the left is his father, Prince Zhun, the Regent, holding a younger brother, 1909. The Confucian influence of the Three Cardinal rules applied even to the highest levels of Chinese society. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. The Three Fundamental Bonds and the Five Constant Virtues are separate […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Concept, Values and Worldview
Filial Piety (Xiào 孝)

Filial Piety (Xiào 孝)

Keith N. KNAPP This paper cutout depicts the legendary figure of Mu Lan, a woman who expressed her filial piety by disguising herself as a man to join the army and serve twelve years in place of her elderly father. Throughout China’s premodern history, xiao (filial piety) was its most significant social value. It enjoyed such favor because it strengthened […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Concept, Values and Worldview
Confucius (Kǒngzǐ 孔子)

Confucius (Kǒngzǐ 孔子)

James D. SELLMANN Wood engraving of Confucius (or Kong Fuzi [Grand Master Kong], 551–479 BCE). The teaching of the philosopher Confucius has inspired philosophers and statesmen for more than twenty-five-hundred years. The philosopher Confucius, China’s greatest teacher, stressed such values as moral integrity and empathy and such practices as rule by virtue rather than by law. His teachings continue to […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Values and Worldview
HUANG Zongxi (Huáng Zōngxī 黃宗羲)

HUANG Zongxi (Huáng Zōngxī 黃宗羲)

Yamin XU Huang Zongxi, the famous Qing dynasty scholar and author. Huang roundly criticized tyrannical monarchies in favor of democratic principles long before his Western counterparts. Huang Zongxi was an important philosopher and author who worked to uphold Confucian principles of government after the fall of the Ming dynasty in 1644. Huang roundly criticized tyrannical monarchies in favor of democratic […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Biography, People, Values and Worldview