Tag Archives: ethnic minorities

Min (Mǐn fāngyán 闽方言)

Margaret Mian YAN The Min dialect group is the most divergent and complicated of China’s seven major languages. At least six Min subdialect groups exist. Min is a geographic short term for “Fujian Province” in China. It is named after … Continue reading

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Xiang (Xiāng 湘)

OOI Giok Ling Xiang is the name of the people and local sublanguage of the central southeastern province of Hunan. The Xiang people are one of three subgroups of Han Chinese that settled south of Mandarin-speaking Chinese; their language is … Continue reading

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Leadership—Ethnic Minority (Shǎoshù mínzú gànbù 少数民族干部)

Cheng LI Chinese leaders recognize the value of ethnic minority integration, but have maintained power by appointing ethnic Han to many important positions. Understanding the changing role of minorities in Chinese politics is essential for comprehending China’s transforming political landscape. … Continue reading

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Indigenous Peoples—Taiwan (Táiwān yuánzhùmínzú 台湾原住民族)

Michael STAINTON A village chief of the Rukai, one of Taiwan’s smaller indigenous tribes, visiting the Department of Anthropology at Tokyo Imperial University during the Japanese rule of the island, 1896. The indigenous peoples of Taiwan are the island’s original … Continue reading

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Uygurs (Wéiwú’ěrzú 维吾尔族)

Juten ODA Uygur couple on donkey cart head to market with produce in baskets. Turfan, Xinjiang. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Uygurs are a Turkic group in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. During most of the past ten centuries they lived … Continue reading

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Hakka (Kèjiārén 客家人)

OOI Giok Ling The Hakka are an ethnolinguistic minority group. About 40 million live in China, mostly in the south, but it is thought that even larger Hakka populations exist outside China than within the country, in Malaysia, Australia, Canada, … Continue reading

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Miao (Miáozú 苗族)

Chuan-kang SHIH A young girl dressed in traditional Miao (Hmong) clothing and jewelry. The Miao are famous for the craftsmanship of their silver ornaments. PHOTO BY WANG YING. As one of the fifty-five officially recognized ethnic minority groups in China, … Continue reading

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Hmong (Miáozú 苗族)

Nicholas TAPP Hmong (Miao) girls in silver headdresses. COURTESY OF PAUL AND BERNICE NOLL. The Hmong, whose own name for themselves is not officially recognized in China, are a mainly agricultural people living mostly in the southern provinces of Sichuan, … Continue reading

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Manchu (Manzú 满族)

Robert John PERRINS Group of Manchu men, Peking [Beijing], China, 13 March 1901. UNDERWOOD & UNDERWOOD COLLECTION, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. The Manchus are the second largest (after the Zhuang) of China’s fifty-five official ethnic minority groups, numbering around 10 million … Continue reading

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Moso (Mósuō 摩梭)

Chuan-kang SHIH A woman of the Moso people, a matrilineal society. The Moso is a minority ethnic group in southwest China, officially classified, against their will, as a subgroup of the Naxi people. Women, not men, are at the center … Continue reading

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