Post Tagged with: "historical event"

Buddhism, Persecution of (Zhàojìnfó 诏禁佛)

Buddhism, Persecution of (Zhàojìnfó 诏禁佛)

André LALIBERTÉ A statue of Buddha, symbolically peeling away his earthly shell. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN Buddhism, introduced from India, became widely accepted in China in the third century CE but suffered from persecution over the years for various reasons: rejection of Buddhism as a foreign or idolatrous religion, feelings of antireligion in general, or by the desire to […]

Vernacular Language Movement (Báihuàwén Yùndòng 白话文运动)

Vernacular Language Movement (Báihuàwén Yùndòng 白话文运动)

LU Yan These members of the New Culture Movement advocated literature written in the vernacular language of the masses. Clockwise from left: Chen Duxiu, Hu Shi, Lu Xun, Cai Yuanpei, and Li Dazhao. The Vernacular Language Movement, which fostered a radical change in the writing style of Chinese composition, developed from century-long usage of a northern dialect in literature and […]

Yan’an Rectification Campaign (Yán’ān Zhěngfēng Yùndòng 延安整风运动)

Yan’an Rectification Campaign (Yán’ān Zhěngfēng Yùndòng 延安整风运动)

King-fai TAM Kang Sheng, an official of the CCP, was closely involved in the Cultural Revolution purges during the Yanan Rectification Movement. The Yan’an Rectification Campaign of 1942 established the modus operandi of subsequent ideological campaigns in the history of Chinese Communism. It signified the expansion of the power of the Communist leaders from political and economic realms into other […]

Cultural Revolution (Wénhuà Dà Gémìng 文化大革命)

Cultural Revolution (Wénhuà Dà Gémìng 文化大革命)

Kerry BROWN Photograph of workers in the countryside, taken during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976). Many prominent intellectuals were sent to the countryside as well, when universities were effectively closed. A mass movement occurring during the final decade of Mao Zedong’s life from 1966 onward, the Cultural Revolution caused massive political, social, and cultural disruption, and saw an onslaught on the […]

An Lushan (An Shi) Rebellion (Ān Shǐ Zhī Luàn 安史之乱)

An Lushan (An Shi) Rebellion (Ān Shǐ Zhī Luàn 安史之乱)

Jennifer W. JAY This tomb figure of a warrior, in pottery painted with color and gold, from the end of the seventh century (Tang dynasty) is in the collection of the Historical Museum, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province. The features of this Tang warrior’s face suggest that he was descended at least partially from Central Asian forebears; military armor such as this […]

Southeast Asia–China Relations (Zhōngguó hé Dōngnányà de wàijiāo guānxì 中国和东南亚的外交关系)

Southeast Asia–China Relations (Zhōngguó hé Dōngnányà de wàijiāo guānxì 中国和东南亚的外交关系)

Shelton WOODS China has profoundly affected the states of Southeast Asia throughout history, losing its dominance only during a period of Western colonialism in the region. Chinese influence in Southeast Asia is again on the rise and is evident in the spheres of economics, religion, and political ideologies. The opening decade of the twenty-first century saw China reestablishing itself as […]

Versailles Peace Conference (Bālí Hépíng Huìyì 巴黎和平会议)

Versailles Peace Conference (Bālí Hépíng Huìyì 巴黎和平会议)

Steven PHILLIPS Plan of Versailles, the site at which the treaty ending World War I was signed in 1919. COURTESY OF THE BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY, YALE UNIVERSITY. The Treaty of Versailles marking the end of World War I did little to resolve issues of China’s national sovereignty. Japan, which fought on the side of the Allies, occupied […]

The Long March (Chángzhēng 长征)

The Long March (Chángzhēng 长征)

Stephanie Po-yin CHUNG Marching Through Lushan Pass at Sunset (an episode in the Long March) by the artist Li K’e-jan. Ink and colors on paper, in the style of the Peking (now Beijing) Academy of Fine Arts. Shown at the Nationalities Hotel, Peking. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. The Long March of 1934–1935, one of the seminal events of the […]

World War II in Asia (Èzhàn Yàzhōu Zhànchǎng 二战亚洲战场 Kàngrì Zhànzhēng 抗日战争)

World War II in Asia (Èzhàn Yàzhōu Zhànchǎng 二战亚洲战场 Kàngrì Zhànzhēng 抗日战争)

Thomas P. DOLAN On 6 February 1945 a U.S. Army soldier and a Chinese soldier, allies in the war, each place the other’s flag on the front of their respective jeeps. The first truck convoy in almost three years is just about to cross the China border en route from Ledo, India, to Kunming, China, over the Stilwell Road. NATIONAL […]

Sino-Japanese War, First (Dì-Yī Cì Zhōng-rì Zhànzhēng 第一次中日战争)

Sino-Japanese War, First (Dì-Yī Cì Zhōng-rì Zhànzhēng 第一次中日战争)

Stewart LONE A series of prints by artist Hashimoto Chikanobu (1838–1912) showing Japanese troops surprising Chinese soldiers at Weihaiwei, and the death of a Chinese officer who had led his troops into battle during a snowstorm in 1895. The First Sino-Japanese War was a turning point in the modern history of East Asia: The victory of a smaller but more […]