Post Tagged with: "historical figure"

SOONG Mei-ling (Sòng Meilíng 宋美龄)

SOONG Mei-ling (Sòng Meilíng 宋美龄)

Winberg CHAI Eleanor Roosevelt and Soong May-ling, wife of Chiang Kai-shek. Madame Chiang was one of the most public proponents of the New Life Movement, which was designed by Chiang to improve the customs and social habits of the dispirited Chinese people. As the threat of Japanese invasion loomed in 1936, and the movement was in decline, Chiang turned over […]

Tang Taizong (Táng Tàizōng 唐太宗)

Tang Taizong (Táng Tàizōng 唐太宗)

Lily HWA Detail of the painting Emperor Taizong Receiving Tibetan Envoy by Yan Liben. Ink and color on silk. In foreign affairs Taizong preferred forming alliances and winning allegiance through the appeal of fair and kind treatment. THE PALACE MUSEUM, BEIJING. Emperor Taizong of the Tang dynasty was a benevolent ruler who created perhaps the greatest administration in Chinese history. […]

CHIANG Kai-shek (Jiǎng Jièshí 蒋介石)

CHIANG Kai-shek (Jiǎng Jièshí 蒋介石)

Winberg CHAI Photograph of Chiang Kai-Shek taken during a visit to an Army Air Force base, March 1945. Chiang Kai-shek, along with Sun Yat-sen and Mao Zedong, is considered to be one of the three most important figures shaping Chinese history in the twentieth century. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. Chiang Kai-shek was the successor to Sun Yat-sen and political leader and […]

Kangxi, Emperor (Kāngxī huángdì 康熙皇帝)

Kangxi, Emperor (Kāngxī huángdì 康熙皇帝)

Robert John PERRINS During Emperor Kangxi’s sixty-year reign the borders of the Qing dynasty’s empire were strengthened, Manchu rule in China was solidified, and China’s economy, culture, and population prospered. The sixty-year reign of Emperor Kangxi, from 1662 to 1722, was one of the longest and most successful in China’s imperial history. In addition to solidifying Manchu rule in China […]

MAO Zedong (Máo Zédōng 毛泽东)

MAO Zedong (Máo Zédōng 毛泽东)

Dorothea A. L. MARTIN A young Mao Zedong, leader of China’s Communists, addresses some of his followers on 6 December 1944. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT LIBRARY. Mao Zedong was a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party and the architect of China’s Communist revolution. Some of his socialist polices failed, but his legacy as a firm nationalist leader and the “founding […]

WU Zetian (Wǔ Zétiān 武则天)

WU Zetian (Wǔ Zétiān 武则天)

Jennifer W. JAY Tang court ladies from the tomb painting of Princess Yongtai in the Qianling Mausoleum, near Xi’an in Shaanxi Province, from the year 706. Empress Wu Zetian would also later be buried at the Qiangling Mausoleum. Wu Zetian 武则天 was the only woman to rule China as an emperor in name, declaring herself emperor after deposing her sons. She […]

Chinggis Khan (Chéngjísī Hàn 成吉思汗)

Chinggis Khan (Chéngjísī Hàn 成吉思汗)

Timothy M. MAY Historical illustration, “The Encampment of a Patriarch,” from Ghengis Khan by Jacob Abbott. Although he is known in the West most often as “Genghis Khan” (meaning “resolute leader”) he was born with the name “Temujin.” Chinggis Khan was a tribal leader in the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries. He first united Mongolia, then conquered northern China […]

CHIANG Ching-kuo (Jiǎng Jīngguó 蒋经国)

Winberg CHAI Chiang Ching-kuo, son of Chiang Kai-shek (also a former president of the Republic of China, i.e., Taiwan, 1949–), was arguably the most influential political leader in Taiwan until his death in 1988. In a public opinion poll reported by Shijie Ribao (World Journal) in 2007, 65 percent of Taiwanese citizens surveyed ranked Chiang as the president who made […]

BORODIN Mikhail (Bào Luótíng 鲍罗廷)

BORODIN Mikhail (Bào Luótíng 鲍罗廷)

CHEN Zhihong Hiding their extreme political rivalries, leaders of the revolutionary Right and Left pose before a train at the start of the Northern Expedition. From far left, the Russian agent Mikhail Borodin, a Chinese secretary, Borodin’s wife, Fanya, Madame Lioa Chung-k’ai, the second Madame Chiang Kai-shek (apparently pregnant at the time), Moscow’s General Galen, Chiang Kai-shek himself, his son, […]

CHEN Cheng (Chén Chéng 陈诚)

CHEN Cheng (Chén Chéng 陈诚)

Winberg CHAI Chen Cheng, Chiang Kai-shek’s “right-hand man,” at a tree planting ceremony in Yilan County, 1954. By instituting universal primary education and expanding opportunities for secondary and college education, Chen promoted strong investment in “human capital.” Chen Cheng was Chinese Nationalist Party leader Chiang Kai-shek’s right-hand man during the early years of the Republic of China (1912–1949) and later, […]