Post Tagged with: "historical period"

Xia Dynasty (Xià Cháo 夏朝)|Xià Cháo 夏朝 (Xia Dynasty)

Xia Dynasty (Xià Cháo 夏朝)|Xià Cháo 夏朝 (Xia Dynasty)

Charles C. KOLB Statue at the Yellow River Visitor’s Center depicting the legendary Yu, the first ruler of the Xia Dynasty. Yu earned his title through his merit as a civil servant; he was esteemed by his people for eliminating devastating annual flooding by organizing the construction of canals and dikes along all the major rivers. PHOTO BY PAUL AND […]

Southern and Northern Dynasties (Nán-Běi Cháo 南北朝)|Nán-Běi Cháo 南北朝 (Southern and Northern Dynasties)

Southern and Northern Dynasties (Nán-Běi Cháo 南北朝)|Nán-Běi Cháo 南北朝 (Southern and Northern Dynasties)

Charles C. KOLB A pictorial brick of the Southern Dynasties unearthed in Dengxian County of Henan province. It depicts the story about the crown prince of King Wuling of Zhou blowing a flute to attract phoenixes before becoming a Taoist Immortal. The Southern and Northern dynasties (220–589 CE, although scholars debate the exact dates) were periods of civil unrest and […]

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period (Wǔdài Shíguó 五代十国)|Wǔdài Shíguó 五代十国 (Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period)

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period (Wǔdài Shíguó 五代十国)|Wǔdài Shíguó 五代十国 (Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period)

Charles C. KOLB Two Horsemen, a silk scroll painted for the Khitan nobility by an anonymous artist. The Khitan were a Mongolian people who continued some of the Tang dynasty’s artistic traditions. Pictured here is a Khitan nobleman mounted on a horse, and his herald who rides ahead. The Khitan and other groups controlled much of northern China during the […]

Sixteen Kingdoms (Shíliù Guó 十六国)|Shíliù Guó 十六国 (Sixteen Kingdoms)

Unryu SUGANUMA The Sixteen Kingdoms was a violent era during the third and early fourth centuries CE when five tribes alternated with each other in establishing brief kingdoms in northern China. The Sixteen Kingdoms was the time (304–439 CE) when non-Han Chinese tribes, including some of nomadic origin, alternated with each other in founding short-lived kingdoms in northern China. (See […]

Yuan Dynasty (Yuán Cháo 元朝)|Yuán Cháo 元朝 (Yuan Dynasty)

Yuan Dynasty (Yuán Cháo 元朝)|Yuán Cháo 元朝 (Yuan Dynasty)

Elizabeth ENDICOTT Gateway called Kuo-chieh-t’a (“Tower which Bestrides the Road,” also known as the “Cloud Terrace”), in Hebei Province. Inscribed with date corresponding to 1345, during the Yuan dynasty. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. In the late thirteenth century the Mongols, nomadic invaders from Central Asia, conquered China. During their rule as the Yuan dynasty the Mongols borrowed extensively from […]

Zhou Dynasty (Zhōu Cháo 周朝)|Zhōu Cháo 周朝 (Zhou Dynasty)

Zhou Dynasty (Zhōu Cháo 周朝)|Zhōu Cháo 周朝 (Zhou Dynasty)

Constance A. COOK A bronze vessel from the Zhou dynasty. The Zhou were noted for the sophistication of their bronze-casting technique and design, and often rewarded their subjects with gifts of sacrificial vessels. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. The Zhou dynasty covered two time periods: the Western Zhou and the Eastern Zhou. The former was characterized by the hegemonic rule […]

Tang Dynasty (Táng Cháo 唐朝)|Táng Cháo 唐朝 (Tang Dynasty)

Tang Dynasty (Táng Cháo 唐朝)|Táng Cháo 唐朝 (Tang Dynasty)

JIANG Yonglin Detail of the painting Emperor Taizong Receiving Tibetan Envoy by Yan Liben. Ink and color on silk. The Tibetan envoy is second from the left. Emperor Tang Taizong is surrounded by female attendants. THE PALACE MUSEUM, BEIJING. The Tang dynasty (618–907 CE) was a golden age of imperial China. Buddhism developed; poetry flourished; money drafts were invented. Political, […]

Qing Dynasty (Qīng Cháo 清朝)|Qīng Cháo 清朝 (Qing Dynasty)

Qing Dynasty (Qīng Cháo 清朝)|Qīng Cháo 清朝 (Qing Dynasty)

JIANG Yonglin Woman dressed in Qing dynasty style, in Changde. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. The Qing dynasty, founded in 1644 by the Manchus, was the final imperial dynasty to rule China. The last emperor abdicated in 1912 following the dynasty’s overthrow by the Republican revolution of 1911. Over a period of 268 years, the Qing built the largest consolidated […]

Jurchen Jin Dynasty (Nǚzhēn Jīn Cháo 女真金朝)|Nǚzhēn Jīn Cháo 女真金朝 (Jurchen Jin Dynasty)

Jurchen Jin Dynasty (Nǚzhēn Jīn Cháo 女真金朝)|Nǚzhēn Jīn Cháo 女真金朝 (Jurchen Jin Dynasty)

Paul D. BUELL Detail of a scroll from the Jurchen Jin dynasty, titled Admonitions of the Instructress to the Palace Ladies, by Gu Kaizhi (c. 344–406). Royal children are groomed by their nannies as their parents look on indulgently. COLLECTION OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM. The Jurchen Jin dynasty was founded in Manchuria by the chieftain Aguda in 1125. During its […]

Qin Dynasty (Qín Cháo 秦朝)|Qín Cháo 秦朝 (Qin Dynasty)

Qin Dynasty (Qín Cháo 秦朝)|Qín Cháo 秦朝 (Qin Dynasty)

Dallas L. McCURLEY The Terracotta Army at Xi’an, built for the tomb of the first Qin emperor Shi Huangdi (also known as Shi Huang). PHOTO BY PAUL AND BERNICE NOLL. Although the Qin dynasty lasted for a scant fifteen years and was repressive, it was China’s first imperial dynasty and developed a centralized administration and a model of government that […]