Tag Archives: History

Education Images

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Movies and More: Hero

Hero (2002). Directed by Zhang Yimou Unity is the theme of Hero, the grand political film directed by Zhang Yimou, who with Steven Spielberg will direct the opening ceremony of the 2008 Olympic Games. Unity is also a core theme … Continue reading

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Dunhuang Caves (Dūnhuáng Shíkū 敦煌石窟)

Catherine PAGANI The Dunhuang Caves include three sites of Buddhist cave shrines located near the desert oasis city of Dunhuang. Decorated with spectacular wall paintings and sculpture, and once the repositories for a treasure trove of Buddhist texts (such as … Continue reading

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Ancestor Worship (Jìdiàn zǔxiān 祭奠祖先)

Jeffrey L. RICHEY Burning joss sticks (incense) and offering food are traditional practices meant to please gods and ancestors. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Devotees of nearly every religious tradition in China participate in ancestor worship, the rituals in which … Continue reading

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Oracle Bones (Jiǎgǔwén 甲骨文)

WANG Ying Three Kinds of Archaic Graphs and their Transitions to Modern Characters. Top Row: Complex single-element graphs whose modern parallels are direct descendants of archaic forms. Middle Row: Simple multiple-element graphs lacking modern equivalents. Bottom Row: Complex multi-element graphs … Continue reading

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Hanlin Academy (Hanlin Yuan) (Hànlínyuàn 翰林院)

Yamin XU Bai Juyi (772–846). This famous poet of the Hanlin Academy was known for his bleak style. Poets, along with alchemists, diviners, shamanists, astrologers, physicians, fortunetellers, were on hand at the academy to serve the Emperor’s needs. Founded as … Continue reading

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Shenyang Imperial Palace (Shěnyáng Gùgōng 沈阳故宫)

TzeHuey CHIOU-PENG Detail of a carved column at Shenyang Palace, former capital of China during the Manchu-ruled Qing dynasty. The Shenyang Imperial Palace, located in the capital city of Liaoning Province, was the imperial residence of the Later-Jin kingdom (1616–1644) … Continue reading

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Military, Imperial (Dìguó jūnduì 帝国军队)

Jiu-hwa Lo UPSHUR Ancient ink painting of warriors with spears. COURTESY OF JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Beginning with the Han dynasty, the strength and allegiance of the Chinese army were determining factors in the rise and fall of imperial dynasties. China’s … Continue reading

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Supervisory System, Ancient (Gǔdài de jiānchá zhìdù 古代的监察制度)

Yamin XU A system developed in ancient China that primarily served as the means by which bureaucratic institutions and government officials were monitored, and which ensured that the growing empire was governed and functioning properly. The Chinese traditional supervisory system … Continue reading

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Yan’an Rectification Campaign (Yán’ān Zhěngfēng Yùndòng 延安整风运动)

King-fai TAM Kang Sheng, an official of the CCP, was closely involved in the Cultural Revolution purges during the Yanan Rectification Movement. The Yan’an Rectification Campaign of 1942 established the modus operandi of subsequent ideological campaigns in the history of … Continue reading

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