Post Tagged with: "Mao Zedong"

Education and the Cultural Revolution (Jiàoyù yù Wénhuà Dàgémìng 教育与文化大革命)

Jian LIU and Ruth HAYHOE NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications. Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution (1966–1976) transformed China’s educational system from what had been in place under Soviet influence in the early 1950s to a more revolutionary one. The new system valued practical knowledge over academic learning, viewed teachers […]

Hundred Flowers Campaign (Bǎihuā Yùndòng 百花运动)

Stephanie CHUNG The Hundred Flowers Campaign was an intense, but short-lived, period that encouraged open criticism and discussion of the Communist regime in the otherwise tightly controlled intellectual climate of 1950s China. It resulted in another campaign aimed to purge those considered to be at the “right” of the party. In May 1956 Mao Zedong (1893–1976), leader of the People’s […]

Cultural Revolution (Wénhuà Dà Gémìng 文化大革命)

Cultural Revolution (Wénhuà Dà Gémìng 文化大革命)

Kerry BROWN Photograph of workers in the countryside, taken during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976). Many prominent intellectuals were sent to the countryside as well, when universities were effectively closed. A mass movement occurring during the final decade of Mao Zedong’s life from 1966 onward, the Cultural Revolution caused massive political, social, and cultural disruption, and saw an onslaught on the […]

The Long March (Chángzhēng 长征)

The Long March (Chángzhēng 长征)

Stephanie Po-yin CHUNG Marching Through Lushan Pass at Sunset (an episode in the Long March) by the artist Li K’e-jan. Ink and colors on paper, in the style of the Peking (now Beijing) Academy of Fine Arts. Shown at the Nationalities Hotel, Peking. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. The Long March of 1934–1935, one of the seminal events of the […]

Great Leap Forward (Dàyuèjìn 大跃进)

Great Leap Forward (Dàyuèjìn 大跃进)

Dali L. YANG Propaganda poster, 1958. STEFAN LANDSBERGER COLLECTION. The Great Leap Forward was a campaign launched in 1958 by China’s leaders, particularly Mao Zedong, to use massive mobilization to advance in agricultural and industrial development. The campaign, which promoted people’s communes to remove economic incentives and encouraged the rural workforce to smelt iron in backyard furnaces, led directly to […]

Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng 中国共产党)

Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng 中国共产党)

Gerry GROOT The banquet room of the Great Hall of the People, 1 October 1999, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the People’s Republic of China and the beginning of the Chinese Communist Party rule. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Communism spread to China from the Soviet Union in the years surrounding the demise of the Qing dynasty […]

Red Guard Organizations (Hóngwèibīng zǔzhī 红卫兵组织)

Red Guard Organizations (Hóngwèibīng zǔzhī 红卫兵组织)

Margaret SANKEY Red Guards encouraging loyalty to the party and encouraging industry. COLLECTION STEFAN LANDSBERGER. During the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976) Red Guard organizations, made up of hundreds of thousands of students, were devoted to a personal glorification of Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong and a campaign against foreign or traditional culture. Red Guard organizations were an important factor in […]

Little Red Book (Máo Zhǔxí Yǔlù 毛主席语录)

Little Red Book (Máo Zhǔxí Yǔlù 毛主席语录)

Richard LEVY Mao’s Little Red Book. A portrait of Mao Zedong is embossed on the front. PHOTO BY PAUL AND BERNICE NOLL. Known in the West as “The Little Red Book,” Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong ????? is a thirty-three-chapter collection of 427 quotes from Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong. It was a linchpin in the early stages of […]

Hunan Province (Húnán Shěng 湖南省)

Hunan Province (Húnán Shěng 湖南省)

Unryu SUGANUMA The southern inland province of Hunan, about twice the size of Iceland, is well-known for its natural beauty, agricultural products (it is China’s largest producer of rice), cuisine, history, tourist attractions, and native citizens, notably Mao Zedong. It is a province rich in natural resources, although these are under considerable strain. Hunan Province is located in south central […]