Post Tagged with: "political campaign"

Hundred Flowers Campaign (Bǎihuā Yùndòng 百花运动)

Stephanie CHUNG The Hundred Flowers Campaign was an intense, but short-lived, period that encouraged open criticism and discussion of the Communist regime in the otherwise tightly controlled intellectual climate of 1950s China. It resulted in another campaign aimed to purge those considered to be at the “right” of the party. In May 1956 Mao Zedong (1893–1976), leader of the People’s […]

Three and Five Antis Campaigns (Sānfǎn Wǔfǎn 三反五反)

Stephanie CHUNG The Chinese Communist Party’s Three Antis Campaign of 1951–1952 targeted waste, corruption, and bureaucratism. The party’s Five Antis Campaign, launched soon afterward, targeted bribery, tax evasion, theft of state assets, cheating on government contracts, and theft of capital. Both campaigns led to mass suicides, as well as placing many hitherto private industries in the hands of the government. […]

Yan’an Rectification Campaign (Yán’ān Zhěngfēng Yùndòng 延安整风运动)

Yan’an Rectification Campaign (Yán’ān Zhěngfēng Yùndòng 延安整风运动)

King-fai TAM Kang Sheng, an official of the CCP, was closely involved in the Cultural Revolution purges during the Yanan Rectification Movement. The Yan’an Rectification Campaign of 1942 established the modus operandi of subsequent ideological campaigns in the history of Chinese Communism. It signified the expansion of the power of the Communist leaders from political and economic realms into other […]

Five-Anti Campaign (Wǔ-fǎn Yùndòng 五反运动)

LAW Yuk-fun The Five-Anti Campaign ????, launched in 1952, was a nation-wide movement aimed at eliminating bribery, theft of state property and economic information, tax evasion, and cheating on government contracts by private enterprise and capitalists. The campaign succeeded in consolidating the government’s control over the economy, which facilitated the country’s transition to socialism. On 26 January 1952 the government […]

Cultural Revolution (Wénhuà Dà Gémìng 文化大革命)

Cultural Revolution (Wénhuà Dà Gémìng 文化大革命)

Kerry BROWN Photograph of workers in the countryside, taken during the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976). Many prominent intellectuals were sent to the countryside as well, when universities were effectively closed. A mass movement occurring during the final decade of Mao Zedong’s life from 1966 onward, the Cultural Revolution caused massive political, social, and cultural disruption, and saw an onslaught on the […]

Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign (Fǎnjīngshén Wūrǎn Yùndòng 反精神污染运动)

Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign (Fǎnjīngshén Wūrǎn Yùndòng 反精神污染运动)

Richard LEVY A series of billboards along a street advertise everything from beauty cream to medicinal products. During the Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign the Chinese government attempted to combat Western materialist influences without upsetting China’s economic growth. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN The Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign, waged against corrupt and bourgeois ideological influences in Chinese society, took place in the autumn […]

Great Leap Forward (Dàyuèjìn 大跃进)

Great Leap Forward (Dàyuèjìn 大跃进)

Dali L. YANG Propaganda poster, 1958. STEFAN LANDSBERGER COLLECTION. The Great Leap Forward was a campaign launched in 1958 by China’s leaders, particularly Mao Zedong, to use massive mobilization to advance in agricultural and industrial development. The campaign, which promoted people’s communes to remove economic incentives and encouraged the rural workforce to smelt iron in backyard furnaces, led directly to […]

Antidrug Campaigns (Dàguīmó sǎodú yùndòng 大规模扫毒运动)

Antidrug Campaigns (Dàguīmó sǎodú yùndòng 大规模扫毒运动)

Joyce A. MADANCY A photo from 1874 shows a man addicted to opiates smoking his pipe in a restaurant. Chinese regimes from the Qing (1644–1912) to the People’s Republic have struggled to control problems with drugs, most notably opium, a particularly complex issue intertwined with Chinese politics and perceptions of the nation’s social and economic health and advancement. Despite campaigns […]