Post Tagged with: "political leader"

WEN Jiabao (Wēn Jiābǎo 温家宝)

Wendell ANDERSON Wen Jiabao, who began his second five-year term as premier in 2008, is a respected leader because of his managerial abilities and a popular figure because of his common-man approach to political and social issues. Following the deadly Sichuan earthquake of 2008, he emerged as the compassionate face of the Chinese government. Wen Jiabao was born of Han […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Governance
ZHAO Ziyang (Zhào Zǐyáng 赵紫阳)

ZHAO Ziyang (Zhào Zǐyáng 赵紫阳)

Kirk W. LARSEN Many events have been held in the world’s largest public square, but it is the student protests of June 1989, when Zhao Ziyang supported and then tried to calm those camped in the Square, that continue to resonant. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Zhao Ziyang was a leading economic reformer of the People’s Republic of China in […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Governance
DENG Xiaoping (Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平)

DENG Xiaoping (Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平)

Kerry BROWN Chinese vice premier Deng Xiaoping applauds as President Jimmy Carter stands behind a podium at the White House, Washington, D.C. 29 January 1979. Deng had a prominent role in negotiating with Richard Nixon during the American president’s visit to China in 1972. U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT MAGAZINE PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS DIVISION WASHINGTON, […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Governance
JIANG Zemin (Jiāng Zémín 江泽民)

JIANG Zemin (Jiāng Zémín 江泽民)

Colin MACKERRAS Jiang Zemin at the Fortune 500 Forum, Shanghai, during the 50th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China, 1999. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Jiang Zemin succeeded Deng Xiaoping as the paramount leader of China in the 1990s and continued to pursue economic reforms and improved relations with the West into the twenty-first century. He served as General […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Governance
HU Jintao (Hú Jǐntāo 胡锦涛)

HU Jintao (Hú Jǐntāo 胡锦涛)

Wenshan JIA and Cassie LYNCH Hu Jintao inspecting the honor guard in Nairobi, Kenya. China is actively trying to expand its relationships with sub-Saharan African governments. Hu Jintao is the current President of the People’s Republic of China. During his two terms in office he has faced several crises, with varying degrees of success. His handling of the 2008 Sichuan […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Biography, Governance, People

LI Peng (Lǐ Péng 李鹏)

Joel CAMPBELL Li Peng, son of Zhou Enlai, was premier of the PRC from 1988 until 1998. He achieved notoriety for supporting the crackdown during the 1989 Tiananmen protest. Li also took steps to rein in China’s high inflation in the 90s and begin sweeping reforms of state-owned enterprises. Born in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, Li Peng is the orphaned son […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Biography, Governance, People
Kangxi, Emperor (Kāngxī huángdì 康熙皇帝)

Kangxi, Emperor (Kāngxī huángdì 康熙皇帝)

Robert John PERRINS During Emperor Kangxi’s sixty-year reign the borders of the Qing dynasty’s empire were strengthened, Manchu rule in China was solidified, and China’s economy, culture, and population prospered. The sixty-year reign of Emperor Kangxi, from 1662 to 1722, was one of the longest and most successful in China’s imperial history. In addition to solidifying Manchu rule in China […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Biography, Governance, People
MAO Zedong (Máo Zédōng 毛泽东)

MAO Zedong (Máo Zédōng 毛泽东)

Dorothea A. L. MARTIN A young Mao Zedong, leader of China’s Communists, addresses some of his followers on 6 December 1944. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT LIBRARY. Mao Zedong was a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party and the architect of China’s Communist revolution. Some of his socialist polices failed, but his legacy as a firm nationalist leader and the “founding […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Biography, Governance, People
LIU Shaoqi (Liú Shàoqí 刘少奇)

LIU Shaoqi (Liú Shàoqí 刘少奇)

Unryu SUGANUMA Portrait of revolutionary and statesman Liu Shaoqi, a contemporary of Mao Zedong. PHOTO COURTESY OF PAUL AND BERNICE NOLL. Liu Shaoqi was a leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) whose career symbolized the political struggles in the People’s Republic of China during Mao Zedong’s era. Although it was once thought Liu would be Mao’s successor he was […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Biography, Governance, People
MA Ying-jeou (Mǎ Yīngjiǔ 马英九)

MA Ying-jeou (Mǎ Yīngjiǔ 马英九)

Winberg CHAI Ma Ying-jeou, the current president of Taiwan, is a member of the Kuomintang, Taiwan’s Nationalist party. He is often called “Taiwan’s Obama” by the Taiwanese media. Elected president of Tawain in 2008 after having served as mayor of Taipei, Ma Ying-jeou has become very popular, particularly with young people, for his stands against corruption and for working toward […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Biography, Governance, People