Post Tagged with: "PRC"

People’s Liberation Army (Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn 中国人民解放军)

People’s Liberation Army (Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn 中国人民解放军)

Shawn SHIEH Husband and wife officers of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) pause on their climb up Mount Huang, Anhui Province. The PLA, numbering more than three million members, is one of the largest military forces in the world. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the ground, air, naval, and strategic forces of the Communist […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Warfare
Governance System, Dual (Liǎngyuánhuà lǐngdǎo zhìdù 两元化领导制度)

Governance System, Dual (Liǎngyuánhuà lǐngdǎo zhìdù 两元化领导制度)

John G. BLAIR and Jerusha H. McCORMACK The People’s Republic of China, unlike other nations, is governed by a dual system. The government, as the visible face of this system, includes familiar branches called legislative, executive, and judicial. But behind this government the high leadership of the Chinese Communist Party determines policy at all levels, which the government merely implements […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, System
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Xiānggǎng Tèbiéxíngzhèngqū 香港特别行政区)

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Xiānggǎng Tèbiéxíngzhèngqū 香港特别行政区)

Geoffrey GUNN Macao Ferry Pier. The ferry connects one Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong, to another, Macao. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. With the return of the former British colony of Hong Kong to Chinese sovereignty in 1997, the city became a “Special Administrative Region” of the People’s Republic of China. Hong Kong SAR is now an independent and, for […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, System

Hundred Flowers Campaign (Bǎihuā Yùndòng 百花运动)

Stephanie CHUNG The Hundred Flowers Campaign was an intense, but short-lived, period that encouraged open criticism and discussion of the Communist regime in the otherwise tightly controlled intellectual climate of 1950s China. It resulted in another campaign aimed to purge those considered to be at the “right” of the party. In May 1956 Mao Zedong (1893–1976), leader of the People’s […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Movement
Lushan Conference (Lúshān Huìyì 庐山会议)

Lushan Conference (Lúshān Huìyì 庐山会议)

Richard LEVY Members of the People’s Liberation Army work beneath the gaze of a photograph of Chairman Mao. The Lushan Conference marked a change in the course of Chinese government policy. The Lushan Conference (Plenum) was held in 1959 to discuss China’s Great Leap Forward, an effort to initiate projects to increase agricultural and industrial production. Although the Leap had […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Event, Event, Governance, History
Great Leap Forward (Dàyuèjìn 大跃进)

Great Leap Forward (Dàyuèjìn 大跃进)

Dali L. YANG Propaganda poster, 1958. STEFAN LANDSBERGER COLLECTION. The Great Leap Forward was a campaign launched in 1958 by China’s leaders, particularly Mao Zedong, to use massive mobilization to advance in agricultural and industrial development. The campaign, which promoted people’s communes to remove economic incentives and encouraged the rural workforce to smelt iron in backyard furnaces, led directly to […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Ideology
Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng 中国共产党)

Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng 中国共产党)

Gerry GROOT The banquet room of the Great Hall of the People, 1 October 1999, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the People’s Republic of China and the beginning of the Chinese Communist Party rule. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Communism spread to China from the Soviet Union in the years surrounding the demise of the Qing dynasty […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Ideology

WEN Jiabao (Wēn Jiābǎo 温家宝)

Wendell ANDERSON Wen Jiabao, who began his second five-year term as premier in 2008, is a respected leader because of his managerial abilities and a popular figure because of his common-man approach to political and social issues. Following the deadly Sichuan earthquake of 2008, he emerged as the compassionate face of the Chinese government. Wen Jiabao was born of Han […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Governance
ZHAO Ziyang (Zhào Zǐyáng 赵紫阳)

ZHAO Ziyang (Zhào Zǐyáng 赵紫阳)

Kirk W. LARSEN Many events have been held in the world’s largest public square, but it is the student protests of June 1989, when Zhao Ziyang supported and then tried to calm those camped in the Square, that continue to resonant. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Zhao Ziyang was a leading economic reformer of the People’s Republic of China in […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Governance
DENG Xiaoping (Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平)

DENG Xiaoping (Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平)

Kerry BROWN Chinese vice premier Deng Xiaoping applauds as President Jimmy Carter stands behind a podium at the White House, Washington, D.C. 29 January 1979. Deng had a prominent role in negotiating with Richard Nixon during the American president’s visit to China in 1972. U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORT MAGAZINE PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS DIVISION WASHINGTON, […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Governance