Post Tagged with: "Religion"

Study Questions and Vocabulary: Atheism

Go back to the main article. Character Pinyin English 无神论 wúshénlùn atheism (N) 宗教 zōngjiào religion (N) 中国共产党 zhōngguó gòngchǎndǎng Chinese Communist Party (PN) 儒学 rúxué Confucianism (PN) 佛教 fójiào Buddhism (PN) 崇拜 chóngbài to worship (V) 非宗教 fēizōngjiào secular (Adj.) 社会达尔文主义 shèhuì dá’ěrwén zhǔyì Social Darwinism (PN) 民族主义 mínzúzhǔyì nationalism(N) 社会主义 shèhuìzhǔyì socialism (N) 共产主义 gòngchǎnzhǔyì communism (N) 知识分子 […]

Buddhism (Fójiào 佛教)

Buddhism (Fójiào 佛教)

Ding-hwa HSIEH This stone relief sculpture decorating the Buddhist Temple of the Azure Clouds, in Beijing’s Western Hills, depicts a crowned and jeweled bodhisattva seated in lotus position. The bodhisattva holds a water jar and lotus (symbols of the life cycle), sits on lotus throne, and is surrounded by vines and heavenly clouds. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Buddhism was […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Religion, Folk (Mínjiān zōngjiào 民間宗教)

Religion, Folk (Mínjiān zōngjiào 民間宗教)

Terence C. RUSSELL Wood engraving of a Thunder God. Throughout the premodern era the masses of the Chinese people, most of whom lived in small rural villages, remained faithful to their local gods. But they also perceived that the world was inhabited and affected by great numbers of unseen forces and beings. The objective of folk religion was to enlist […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Religious Practice, Historical (Shǐshàng zōngjiào huódòng 史上宗教活动)

Religious Practice, Historical (Shǐshàng zōngjiào huódòng 史上宗教活动)

Jinghao ZHOU Historical illustration of worship of Heaven and Earth at New Year. Ancestral religion during imperial China involved worshipping ancestors as well as four types of gods: heavenly gods, earthly gods, human spirits, and material gods. Correspondingly, it sanctioned four types of worship: of heaven, of land (Earth), of ancestors, and of grain. The Chinese people believed that their […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Religious Practice, Contemporary (Dāngdài zōngjiào huódòng 当代宗教活动)

Religious Practice, Contemporary (Dāngdài zōngjiào huódòng 当代宗教活动)

Jinghao ZHOU Chinese people clamoring to touch the stone lion at the 1,700-year-old Guangxiaosi Buddhist temple. There are reportedly more than 100 million religious believers in modern China, and most profess faith in one of these three traditions—Confucianism, Daosim, and Buddhism. As of 2007 China had about 13,000 Buddhist temples and 200,000 Buddhist monks and nuns. PHOTO BY ROBERT EATON. […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Daoism—Religion (Dàojiào 道教)

Daoism—Religion (Dàojiào 道教)

Huaiyu CHEN The yin–yang symbol. Daoists, who strive to live in harmony with the way of nature, see yin and yang as complementary, not hostile, opposites. Daoism is an important Chinese philosophical and religious tradition. Its doctrines, institutions and practices have had a profound impact on cultural, social, and religious life in China through the ages. Daoism (Taoism) is an […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Christianity (Jīdū zōngjiào 基督宗教)

Christianity (Jīdū zōngjiào 基督宗教)

R. G. TIEDEMANN Church spires rise between buildings. Figures are uncertain, but it may be reasonable to accept the latest estimate of 53 million—mainly unregistered—Christians in China, of which 39 million are Protestants and 14 million are Catholics. PHOTO BY BERKSHIRE PUBLISHING. Christianity in China remained for several centuries a marginal, foreign religion that attracted relatively few converts. Missionaries and […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Judaism (Yóutàijiào 犹太教)

Judaism (Yóutàijiào 犹太教)

Wan-Li HO Entrance to a synagogue in China. In 1163 the Kaifeng Jews were the first in China to erect a synagogue, which remained for almost seven hundred years as a place of worship for Jewish believers in China. Today a small Jewish community still exists in the city. PHOTO BY TOM CHRISTENSEN. Drawn by China’s rich culture and, for […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Nestorians (Jǐngjiàotú 景教徒)

Nestorians (Jǐngjiàotú 景教徒)

Huaiyu CHEN Fragment of a Nestorian painting. Nestorians, the first generation of Christians coming to China, arrived in the early seventh century, and remained in China for two hundred years. A stele said to have been inscribed by a Nestorian priest named Adam relates a history of the religion during the Tang dynasty. PHOTO COURTESY OF CHEN HUAIYU. Nestorians refer […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview

Buddhism, Chan (Chánzōng Fójiào 禅宗佛教)

Ding-hwa HSIEH Although its emphasis on seated meditation is rooted in Indian Buddhism, Chan Buddhism is a genuinely Chinese product. The goal of Chan practice is to attain a sudden awakening of one’s inherent Buddha-nature. Chan texts are well known for their iconoclastic, nonconceptual style, characterized by a unique form of intuitive, spontaneous “encounter dialogues” between Chan Buddhists. Chan is […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview