Post Tagged with: "society"

Knowledge Transfer and the Brain Drain

Ruth HAYHOE and Qiang ZHA For Western universities, internationalization of the curriculum has involved bringing more and more international content to bear on a curricular framework that historically has been firmly rooted in European history, particularly nineteenth-century history. For China, by contrast, the whole framework of modern disciplines was introduced from abroad, after the abolition of the traditional civil service […]

by · 21 May 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Guanxi Newsletter, The Rise and Rise of Chinese Education
Social Harmony (Shèhuì héxié 社会和谐)

Social Harmony (Shèhuì héxié 社会和谐)

Kerry BROWN A billboard advertises China’s one-child family planning policy. Since the time of Confucius, social order has been based on individuals knowing their positions and understanding their obligations to those above them—especially in the family. The demands of China’s rapidly expanding population often challenge such ancient structures. Harmony as a philosophical objective has been part of Chinese thought for […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Concept, Values and Worldview
Atheism (Wúshénlùn 无神论)

Atheism (Wúshénlùn 无神论)

Thoralf KLEIN Atheism has had an enormous effect on the religious policy of the Chinese state ever since Western ideologies reached China around 1900. Since 1949 the officially atheistic Chinese Communist Party has sought to control rather than eliminate religion. Because religion has been woven into the fabric of Chinese social life since ancient times, the rise to power of […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Concept, Values and Worldview

Education, Special (Tèshū jiàoyù 特殊教育)

Jean W. YAN China is making strides in providing education for special-needs students who have communicative, sensory, and physical disabilities, but a shortage of special-education teachers poses a challenge China’s educational system must face. Although the needs of children with other types of impairments are beginning to be addressed, China has yet to pay much attention to some other special-needs […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Education, Language and Learning
Education, Compulsory (Yìwù jiàoyù 义务教育)

Education, Compulsory (Yìwù jiàoyù 义务教育)

Jean W. YAN Illustration of a nineteenth-century school. Deng Xiaoping recognized the importance of raising the population’s education level so that China could realize the “Four Modernizations” in agriculture, industry, technology, and defense. Beginning with the leadership of Deng Xiaoping in 1978, and in the thirty years since, China has put forth great efforts to provide compulsory, free and universal […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Education, Language and Learning

Sociology (Shèhuìxué 社会学)

Yanjie BIAN The discipline of sociology emerged in China in the early twentieth century, but was officially banned from classroom instruction and scholarly research shortly after 1949. In the post-Mao era the Chinese government recognized sociology for its role in China’s modernization and globalization, and it has re-emerged as a respected field of study over the past thirty years. Sociology […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Academic Research, Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Language and Learning

Blue Shirts Society (Lanyīshè 蓝衣社)

LAW Yuk-fun. The Blue Shirts Society, composed of the young graduates of Huangpu Military Academy, were the secret agents of Nationalist China’s leader Chiang Kai-shek during the 1930s. Modeled on the European fascist practices, the Blue Shirts pledged unquestioned loyalty to Chiang and engaged in subversive activities and mass socialization, which helped to consolidate Chiang’s authoritarian rule before the Second […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Movement
New Life Movement (Xīnshēnghuó Yùndòng 新生活运动)

New Life Movement (Xīnshēnghuó Yùndòng 新生活运动)

Lane J. HARRIS Eleanor Roosevelt and Soong May-ling, wife of Chiang Kai-shek. Madame Chiang was one of the most public proponents of the New Life Movement, which was designed by Chiang to improve the customs and social habits of the dispirited Chinese people. As the threat of Japanese invasion loomed in 1936, and the movement was in decline, Chiang turned […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Movement
Criminal Justice System (Xíngshì sīfǎ xìtǒng 刑事司法系统)

Criminal Justice System (Xíngshì sīfǎ xìtǒng 刑事司法系统)

Ira BELKIN A performance of Queen of the Jade Brothel. In this scene the unfairly accused concubine appeals her case to provincial court, in front of the magistrate and two judges. One of the judges is dressed in black and has a beard. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Although China is one of the world’s oldest civilizations, its criminal justice […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Law
Mao Zedong, Evaluation of (Píngjià Máo Zédōng 评价毛泽东)

Mao Zedong, Evaluation of (Píngjià Máo Zédōng 评价毛泽东)

Shelley Drake HAWKS Portrait of Mao on the Gate of Heavenly Peace at Tiananmen Square, Beijing. The sign to the left reads “Long live the People’s Republic of China”; the sign on the right says “Long live the solidarity of the people of the world.” PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Evaluation of China’s revolutionary founder, Chairman Mao, began in 1981 […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Ideology