Post Tagged with: "traditions"

Bǔshì 卜筮 (Divination)

Bǔshì 卜筮 (Divination)

John G. BLAIR and Jerusha McCORMACK A fortuneteller in a nineteenth-century photograph. Harvard Yenching Library Archives. COURTESY OF JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Since prehistoric times Chinese have tried to predict the future by interpreting oracle bones, signs in the sky, and stalks of plants. The newest form of divination practiced in China is feng shui. Divination (practices that seek to predict […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Mínjiān zōngjiào 民間宗教 (Religion, Folk)

Mínjiān zōngjiào 民間宗教 (Religion, Folk)

Terence C. RUSSELL Wood engraving of a Thunder God. Throughout the premodern era the masses of the Chinese people, most of whom lived in small rural villages, remained faithful to their local gods. But they also perceived that the world was inhabited and affected by great numbers of unseen forces and beings. The objective of folk religion was to enlist […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Dāngdài zōngjiào huódòng 当代宗教活动 (Religious Practice, Contemporary)

Dāngdài zōngjiào huódòng 当代宗教活动 (Religious Practice, Contemporary)

Jinghao ZHOU Chinese people clamoring to touch the stone lion at the 1,700-year-old Guangxiaosi Buddhist temple. There are reportedly more than 100 million religious believers in modern China, and most profess faith in one of these three traditions—Confucianism, Daosim, and Buddhism. As of 2007 China had about 13,000 Buddhist temples and 200,000 Buddhist monks and nuns. PHOTO BY ROBERT EATON. […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Shǐshàng zōngjiào huódòng 史上宗教活动 (Religious Practice, Historical)

Shǐshàng zōngjiào huódòng 史上宗教活动 (Religious Practice, Historical)

Jinghao ZHOU Historical illustration of worship of Heaven and Earth at New Year. Ancestral religion during imperial China involved worshipping ancestors as well as four types of gods: heavenly gods, earthly gods, human spirits, and material gods. Correspondingly, it sanctioned four types of worship: of heaven, of land (Earth), of ancestors, and of grain. The Chinese people believed that their […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Religion, Religion or Philosophy, Values and Worldview
Zhèngzhì cānyù 政治参与 (Political Participation)

Zhèngzhì cānyù 政治参与 (Political Participation)

Thomas HEBERER Passersby view a list of candidates for a municipal election in the northwest district of Beijing. China’s traditional political culture allowed the majority of the population only a small role in local and national politics. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Throughout China’s long history people have enjoyed little in the way of political participation. Although formal involvement has […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Ideology
Tàijíquán 太极拳 (Tai Chi)

Tàijíquán 太极拳 (Tai Chi)

Michael G. DAVIS A group of men practice tai chi on the Bund in Shanghai, circa 1970. An admiring crowd has gathered to watch. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Tai chi is a martial art practiced worldwide whose gentle structured forms combine with deep breathing to balance internal energy, or qi, to improve health and well-being. More popular than ever […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Society and Social Welfare, Sports & Recreation
Jīnyú 金鱼 (Goldfish)

Jīnyú 金鱼 (Goldfish)

Haiwang YUAN A crowd views the goldfish at San Frank Park in Hangzhou. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Goldfish, or jinyu 金鱼, are ornamental aquarium and pond fish originally cultured in China that later were spread to East Asia and the world. Due to accidental genetic mutation at first and artificial selection later, goldfish have developed from carp into 500 […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Society and Social Welfare, Sports & Recreation
Āměizú fēngniánjì 阿美族丰年祭 (Ami Harvest Festival)

Āměizú fēngniánjì 阿美族丰年祭 (Ami Harvest Festival)

Bent NIELSEN Boys coming by in turn to sing and dance in front of the elders, 1989. PHOTO BY UBE YAMAGUCHI. As one of Taiwan’s aboriginal tribes, the Ami continue to live together in villages and practice their ancient customs and rituals. The most significant of their traditional celebrations, commonly known as the Harvest Festival, is still held annually throughout […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Festival, History, Arts, and Culture
Zhōngyuánjié 中元节 (Hungry Ghost Festival)

Zhōngyuánjié 中元节 (Hungry Ghost Festival)

YEOH Seng-Guan Supplicants come to a temple in southern China to burn joss (incense) sticks to please their ancestors. They also bring food and drink to feed the hungry spirits. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN. Celebrants believe that during the annual Hungry Ghost Festival the gates of hell are thrown open, and ghosts are once again free to roam and […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Festival, History, Arts, and Culture
Qīngmíngjié 清明节 (Qingming Festival)

Qīngmíngjié 清明节 (Qingming Festival)

Haiwang YUAN In the handscroll Peace Reigns over the River, by Zhang Zeduan and believed by art historians to depict the celebration of the Qing-Ming Festival in modern-day Kaifeng, street hawkers offer food, drink, and fans to passersby. Officially reinstated as an official holiday in 2007, the Qingming (clear and bright 清明) Festival is a day of both sorrow and joy. […]

by · 23 January 2012 · Comments are Disabled · Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Festival, History, Arts, and Culture