Defense Industry (Guófáng gōngyè 国防工业)|Guófáng gōngyè 国防工业 (Defense Industry)
A Chinese military submarine in Shanghai. Besides making efforts to modernize its naval fleet, China’s defense industry has been working on advanced weapons systems such as cruise missiles and satellite-positioning systems. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN.
The defense industry is an essential pillar of China’s industrial development and military modernization, producing everything from warships to washing machines. Although it has made significant achievements in structural rearrangement, technological advancement, and weaponry development