Hong Merchants (Xíngshāng 行商)|Xíngshāng 行商 (Hong Merchants)
Wellington K. K. CHAN
A series of factories in Hong Kong in the 1800s.
Hong merchants were licensed by the Qing dynasty government to trade with foreign merchants at Guangzhou (Canton), the only Chinese port open to foreign trade from 1759 to 1842. Many became prominent and wealthy.
Since the early days of Sino-Western trade in Guangzhou (Canton), Chinese merchants who were licensed by the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) to trade with foreign merchants