Traveler in the Mountains, by Dong Qichang (1555–1636). Much Chinese painting in the nineteenth century relied on the teachings of Ming-dynasty painter Dong Qichang, who advocated preserving the values and traditions of the cultivated scholar. Dong’s paintings often depicted small figures of a scholar and friends viewing nature beside a steam and mountainside. NATIONAL PALACE MUSEUM, TAIPEI, TAIWAN.
From the nineteenth century to the present, Chinese art has undergone drastic changes that mirror earthshaking internal