Water buffalo pull carts of hay in Hubei Province, near the Yangzi River, a scene that has changed little over the centuries. Agricultural productivity is a long-standing challenge for China, where the population almost doubled between 1700 and 1800, causing an increase in demand for food production and a strain on China’s natural resources. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN.

By the early twentieth century, China’s population growth had placed great

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By |2014-12-16T16:54:22-05:00January 23rd, 2012|Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Environment, Geography|Comments Off on Environmental History—Modern (Xiàndài huánjìngshǐ 现代环境史)|Xiàndài huánjìngshǐ 现代环境史 (Environmental History—Modern)

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