“Long Live the Great Unity of All Nationalities,” 1960. A poster showing Mao leading a merry group of people representing China’s different ethnic nationalities. COLLECTION STEFAN LANDSBERGER.
China is a multiethnic country with fifty-six officially recognized ethnic groups: fifty-five minorities and the majority Han. But this understates the divisions within the Chinese population, especially the variety of culturally and ethnically diverse groups within the Han population. For the many peoples of