Feng Guifen was a scholar-official of Qing China responsible for launching the Self-Strengthening Movement. Arguing for a comprehensive reform of the country along Western lines, he envisioned the selective adoption of Western ideas as a way to supplement traditional Chinese civilization. Despite the failure of the movement, Feng’s vision was important to succeeding reform movements.
Born to a merchant family in October 1809 in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, Feng Guifen ??? was determined