The Tiandihui (Heaven and Earth Society) was one of several voluntary associations that came into being during the Qing dynasty (1644–1912), but its origins and raison d’etre have been a subject of ongoing debate among scholars. Some regard it as a mutual aid organization formed by China’s lower classes; others see it as a political order founded by Ming loyalists to overthrow the Qing.

The Heaven and Earth Society, also known as

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By |2014-12-16T16:54:10-05:00January 23rd, 2012|Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Community, Society and Social Welfare|Comments Off on Heaven and Earth Society (Tiāndìhuì 天地会)|Tiāndìhuì 天地会 (Heaven and Earth Society)

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