Commuters secure their bicycles before going to work. PHOTO BY JOAN LEBOLD COHEN.

During the pre-reform years of China’s planned economy, the Iron Rice Bowl was a range of social services guaranteed to workers. Services included lifetime employment, housing, health care, and pension plans.

Before China moved from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, the Iron Rice Bowl (tie fan wan) was an array of social services enjoyed by

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By |2014-12-16T16:54:08-05:00January 23rd, 2012|Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Policy, Society and Social Welfare|Comments Off on Iron Rice Bowl (Tiěfànwǎn 铁饭碗)|Tiěfànwǎn 铁饭碗 (Iron Rice Bowl)

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