Detail of a scroll from the Jurchen Jin dynasty, titled Admonitions of the Instructress to the Palace Ladies, by Gu Kaizhi (c. 344–406). Royal children are groomed by their nannies as their parents look on indulgently. COLLECTION OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM.
The Jurchen Jin dynasty was founded in Manchuria by the chieftain Aguda in 1125. During its 109-year reign the Jurchen people combined tribal vigor with Chinese-style government, struggling all