Jiu-hwa Lo UPSHUR
China’s legal system, unlike legal systems of other great early civilizations, never sought divine sanction, nor was the government’s right to administer justice limited by religious authority or an independent judiciary. Administering justice was an important imperial function.
Early in China’s history, society was regulated by the ethical teachings of Confucius (551–479 BCE) and his disciples, which defined proper civilized behavior. In the Confucian worldview, civilized people were expected to observe