The Lifan Yuan (Office to Administer Foreign Barbarians), established in 1638, was the Qing dynasty’s principal organization for supervising the tribute system, during which outsiders brought (but mainly received) gifts to the Chinese court. It persisted in this important role until nearly the end of the dynasty when pressures exerted by the outside world, principally contact with Western powers, caused change.

Imperial Chinese foreign policy, whatever the pragmatic reality, was always

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By |2014-12-16T16:53:52-05:00January 23rd, 2012|Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, System|Comments Off on Lifan Yuan (Lǐfānyuàn 理藩院)|Lǐfānyuàn 理藩院 (Lifan Yuan)

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