Wood-block engraving of Mencius, a philosopher who believed in the natural moral goodness of human beings.
The philosopher Mencius was a follower of Confucius who advocated benevolent government based on the natural moral goodness of people. East Asian culture was greatly influenced by the teachings of Confucius and Mencius.
Mencius (385–303/302 BCE) was a third-generation follower of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551–479 BCE). He wanted to reform his era by