Ming Dynasty (Míng Cháo 明朝)|Míng Cháo 明朝 (Ming Dynasty)
Peter B. DITMANSON
Daming tongxing baochao: early Ming dynasty bank note. Nanjing, 1375. BEINECKE RARE BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY, YALE UNIVERSITY.
The Ming ? dynasty was established by a peasant rebel who overthrew the Mongol-ruled Yuan ? dynasty (1279–1368). Over the course of the Ming, the Chinese population grew dramatically—and although the Ming court and its bureaucracy grew increasingly ineffectual, trade, agriculture, and the arts flourished.