Zhu Xi’s writings on neo-Confucianism became the foundation of China’s civil service exams for nearly six hundred years, and thus were the focus of study for generations of hopeful scholar-officials.

Zhu Xi was perhaps the greatest neo-Confucian philosopher. His Collected Commentaries on the Four Books became the basis of the civil service examinations in 1315 until they were abolished in 1905; twenty-first-century Confucian scholars remain deeply influenced by Zhu’s interpretations.

Zhu Xi, born in Youzi

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By |2014-12-16T16:53:46-05:00January 23rd, 2012|Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Biography, Values and Worldview|Comments Off on ZHU Xi (Zhū Xī 朱熹)|Zhū Xī 朱熹 (ZHU Xi)

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