Republican Revolution of 1911–1912 (Xīnhài Gémìng 辛亥革命)|Xīnhài Gémìng 辛亥革命 (Republican Revolution of 1911–1912)
David L. KENLEY
Sun Yat-sen’s revolution, beginning with an uprising in October 1911 and officially bringing down the Qing dynasty when its emperor abdicated in February 1912, ended more than two thousand years of imperial rule and established Asia’s first republic. But many historians question Sun’s leadership abilities and the conclusiveness of his revolution.
By the end of the nineteenth century nearly every political and intellectual leader in China saw the need for change.