Charles DOBBS

Prince Gong, a member of the ruling clan of the Qing dynasty and one of the chief proponents of liberal reform that aimed to strengthen the empire against Western encroachment.

The Self-Strengthening Movement, which began in 1861, was an effort by the Qing dynasty to restore power so China could resist Western encroachments, especially after the Second Opium War, which resulted in the burning and looting of the Summer Palace in

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By |2014-12-16T16:53:52-05:00January 23rd, 2012|Berkshire Encyclopedia of China, Governance, Movement|Comments Off on Self-Strengthening Movement (Yángwù Yùndòng 洋务运动)|Yángwù Yùndòng 洋务运动 (Self-Strengthening Movement)

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