Summer Palace of Yiheyuan (Yíhéyuán 颐和园)|Yíhéyuán 颐和园 (Summer Palace of Yiheyuan)
The Summer Palace in Beijing.
Just outside Beijing’s Forbidden City, the Summer Palace of Yiheyuan was first built in the mid-eighteenth century during the reign of Emperor Qianlong. After being burnt down and subsequently damaged it was restored as a quintessential imperial compound, with spectacular gardens, imposing architecture, and panoramic views.
The Summer Palace or Yiheyuan (Garden of Nurtured Harmony) on the northwestern outskirt of the Forbidden City is noted for sophisticated landscaping that combines woods, a hillock, water, and architecture. Commissioned in 1750 as a villa during Emperor Qianlong’s reign, it was burnt down in 1886, and was subsequently rebuilt and given its current name. It again suffered partial damages in 1900, but was soon restored and has since remained the epitome of Chinese imperial gardens. It is now a United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage site.