Three Fundamental Bonds and Five Constant Virtues (Sāngāng Wŭcháng 三纲五常)|Sāngāng Wŭcháng 三纲五常 (Three Fundamental Bonds and Five Constant Virtues)
Keith N. KNAPP
The three-year-old Prince Bu Yi, throne name Xuantong, on the right. On the left is his father, Prince Zhun, the Regent, holding a younger brother, 1909. The Confucian influence of the Three Cardinal rules applied even to the highest levels of Chinese society. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.
The Three Fundamental Bonds and the Five Constant Virtues are separate Confucian terms for the most important human relations and social virtues. In early