YEN Y. C. James (Yàn Yángchū 晏阳初)|Yàn Yángchū 晏阳初 (YEN Y. C. James)
Charles W. HAYFORD
James Yen, known to his many American friends as “Jimmy,” represented a patriotic Chinese liberalism that pragmatically addressed mass education and rural reconstruction.
James Yen led the Mass Education Movement (MEM) of the May Fourth period, which coordinated local basic literacy programs for an estimated five million people. The MEM then moved to the countryside in 1926 to develop the “Ding Xian Experiment,” a program of economic, political, social, and cultural village reforms that sought