A portrait of Zhu Yuanzhang, the imposing and often paranoid first emperor of the Ming dynasty, painted during his reign. Ink and color on silk.
Zhu Yuanzhang ??? was the founding emperor of the Ming ? dynasty (1368–1644). He rose from a life of suffering and adversity to become one of the most powerful and autocratic emperors in Chinese history.
Little is known of Zhu Yuanzhang’s childhood except that he suffered