NB. This article is a preview sample. Please do not quote or reference it in official publications.
Zhuangzi (369–289 bce) remains a key figure for the Chinese because of his passion for and pursuit of individual freedom. His idea of education grows from the Daoist school of thought, and involves deconstructing or breaking down the conventional knowledge and value structure so that the self can be freed of external constraints and internal passions. His ideas also affect education in a broad context of “person making.”
Zhuangzi 庄子, also known as Chuang-tzu, or Chuang Chou, is the successor of Laozi 老子 and the second most important contributor to the Daoist tradition. Not much is known about his life, but it is believed that Zhuangzi lived between 369 and 289 bce, more than a hundred years after Confucius 孔子, about the same time as Mencius 孟子, and a little earlier than Aristotle in ancient Greece. He is said to have worked as a minor official in the town of Meng 蒙. His texts have been compiled into the Zhuangzi (or Chuang Tzu), thought to have been edited and arranged by the Jin-dynasty commentator Guo Xiang 郭象 (or Kuo Hsiang), who died in 312 ce. The Zhuangzi is divided into three sections: the Inner Chapters 内篇, the Outer Chapters 外篇, and the Miscellaneous Chapters 杂篇. It is generally thought that the Inner Chapters are likely to be Zhuangzi’s own work.