Written by Shi Nai’an 施耐庵 , although his (sole) authorship is topic of scholarly debate. Also known as Story of the Marches, Outlaws of the Water Margin, or All Men are Brothers.


Set in the Song dynasty, Water Margin tells the story of a group of outlaws who gather at Mount Liang and are eventually sent out by the government to protect the people and the state. The main characters have become well-known (literarly) figures in China until today, including Wu Song, Lin Chong and Lu Zhishen.


Shi Nai’an, & Luo Guanzhong. (1957). All men are brothers: (Shui hu zhuan) (Pearl S. Buck, Trans.). New York: Grove Press.

In 1933, Nobel laureate Pearl S. Buck published an English translation of 70 chapters, titled All Men are Brothers. As with many of her other books, it was well received in America, but (later) criticized for being inaccurate and containing many errors.

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